The work of Jose Carlos Meirelles is to document the existence of uncontacted tribes in the Amazon and protect them from contact with non-Indians. The advance of economic exploitation in the border between Brazil and Peru, especially timber and oil that threatens to destroy the forest area, causing the genocide of the communities living in it, or ‘the last free humans’, likes to say Jose Carlos.
Genocide is a crime under international law. Both the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide of 1948 as the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court of 1998 contained an identical definition:
Be considered ‘genocide’ either following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group as such: 1) Killing members of the group; 2) Causing serious integrity physical or mental harm to members of the group; 3) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; 4) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; 5) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.